List Of Food Crops In Uganda

List Of Food Crops In Uganda

Uganda’s favorable soil conditions and climate have contributed to the country’s agricultural success. Most areas of Uganda have usually received plenty of rain. In some years, small areas of the southeast and southwest have averaged more than 150 millimeters per month. In the north, there is often a short dry season in December and January. Temperatures vary only a few degrees above or below 20 °C but are moderated by differences in altitude


Uganda produced

3.9 million tons of sugarcane;

3.8 million tons of plantain (4th largest producer in the world, losing only to Congo, Ghana and Cameroon);

2.9 million tons of maize;

2.6 million tons of cassava;

1.5 million tons of sweet potato (7th largest producer in the world);

1.0 million tons of bean;

1.0 million tons of vegetable;

532 thousand tons of banana;

360 thousand tons of onion;

298 thousand tons of sorghum;

260 thousand tons of rice;

245 thousand tons of sunflower seed;

242 thousand tons of peanut;

211 thousand tons of coffee (10th largest producer in the world);

209 thousand tons of millet;

In addition to smaller productions of other agricultural products, like cotton (87 thousand tons), tea (62 thousand tons), tobacco (35 thousand tons) and cocoa (27 thousand tons).


Uganda’s main food crops have been plantains, cassava, sweet potatoes, millet, sorghum, corn, beans, and groundnuts. Major cash crops have been coffee, cotton, tea, cocoa, vanilla and tobacco, although in the 1980s many farmers sold food crops to meet short-term expenses. The production of cotton, tea, and tobacco virtually collapsed during the late 1970s and early 1980s.

What is the most profitable cash crop in Uganda?

Coffee is the most significant export crop, although tea, tobacco, and cotton are also important. Small farmers dominate the agricultural industry in Uganda, most of whom mix subsistence farming with cash crops and animal production.

What are the types food crops?

  • Food Crops (Wheat, Maize, Rice, Millets and Pulses etc.)
  • Cash Crops (Sugarcane, Tobacco, Cotton, Jute and Oilseeds etc.)
  • Plantation Crops (Coffee, Coconut, Tea, and Rubber etc.)
  • Horticulture crops (Fruits and Vegetables)